Agreement On Investments
The Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI) was a draft agreement negotiated in secret between the members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) between 1995 and 1998.  It sought to create a new body of universal investment laws that would give companies unconditional rights to financial transactions around the world, regardless of national laws and civil rights. The project gave companies the right to sue governments when national health, labor or environmental laws threatened their interests. When his draft was published in 1997, it drew widespread criticism from civil society groups and developing countries, particularly because of the possibility that the agreement would complicate the regulation of foreign investors. After leading an intense global campaign against the MAI by critics of the treaty, France, the host country, announced in October 1998 that it would not support the agreement, which effectively prevented its adoption through the OECD`s consensual procedures. There are many examples of PTIA. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is remarkable. While NAFTA addresses a very wide range of issues, including cross-border trade between Canada, Mexico and the United States, Chapter 11 of the agreement contains detailed provisions on foreign investment similar to those of NTBs.  Other examples of bilateralLY agreed PIAs are available in the Japan-Singapore EPA, the Republic of Korea-Chile Free Trade Agreement and the US-Australia Free Trade Agreement.
 Answer: In response to U.S. Sanctions laws targeting their companies, Europeans and others have proposed that the MAI prohibit a party from sanctioning an investor of another party or its investments on the basis of the investor`s activities in third countries. We will not accept any provision that would prevent us from taking the necessary steps to protect our national security and foreign policy interests if we respond to threats to our fundamental interests and values. Answer: Given that OECD members have a common goal and a common timetable for concluding a state-of-the-art investment agreement, the OECD is currently the forum in which all members are ready to negotiate a multilateral agreement. In order not to limit participation in the negotiations to OECD members, the MAI Negotiating Group has an active information programme to inform interested countries of the progress and content of the negotiations. The number of BILATERAL INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS grew rapidly in the 1990s as countries and investors sought to further regulate the security, security and mobility of their investments, after it became clear that the Uruguay Round Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMS), the Agreement on Trade Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) did not include that part of the Investment, the Commission did not provide sufficient guarantees. For investors, there is no strong control of host governments to regulate multinationals.  In addition to these instruments, the World Bank adopted guidelines for the treatment of foreign direct investment in 1992.  In 1994, the Energy Charter Treaty gave an example of a multilateral agreement on investment, but limited to the energy sector.
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