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Israeli-Jordanian Peace Agreement

The cross-cutting issue of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the lack of progress in resolving it, which poses serious problems for Jordan in its peace agreement with Israel, are linked to all other issues. One of the main factors that facilitated the signing of the agreement was the fact that discussions had already taken place with the Palestinians. King Abdullah supports a two-state solution and rejects the US president`s Deal of the Century, although his views may change due to American and Saudi pressure. Palestinians make up half of Jordan`s population, so we need to address this problem in a way that they accept. If this is not the case, as has been the case in the past, it could cause serious internal political unrest. Jordanians fear that Israeli repressive actions could prompt large numbers of Palestinians to travel to Jordan, undermining the fragile balance between different population groups and potentially causing violent unrest. The promotion of a solution to the Israeli-Palestinian question is therefore a priority objective of the monarchy. The Israel-Jordan Peace Treaty (formerly the “Peace Treaty between the State of Israel and the Kingdom of Jordan”) [Note 1] is sometimes referred to as the Wadi Araba Treaty[1] is an agreement that ended the open conflict between the two countries and ended mutual diplomatic relations. The signing ceremony took place on 26 October 1994 at the southern crossing point of the Arabah. Jordan was the second Arab country to sign a peace agreement with Israel, after Egypt.

[2] In Amman, demonstrators waved black flags to protest the treaty. Many Jordanians felt it was disgraceful to make peace with Israel as the occupation of the West Bank continued. Some argue that it legitimizes the Israeli occupation. In the 25 years since the signing ceremony, she has become increasingly unpopular. The peace agreement gave Israel access to Naharayim and Tzofar for 25 years, with the possibility of an extension. The two zones together cover 1,000 Dunams (247 hectares). The two states agreed to seek a just, lasting and comprehensive peace on the basis of UN Resolutions 242 and 338. Yitzhak Gal, a mitvim researcher and economist specializing in Arab markets, said Israel did not appreciate the strategic importance of peace with Jordan.