The Paris Agreement News
Although the United States played an important role in the development of the climate agreement, it will be the only one of the 200 parties to withdraw from the pact. “The United States should stay with the other 189 parties to the agreement and not go out alone.” But without the United States, the balance between the parties that signed the Paris agreement shifts in China`s favor on key issues that have not yet been resolved. According to Michael Oppenheimer, a climatologist at Princeton University in New Jersey, China could resist demands for follow-up and detailed reports on how countries implement their policies and achieve their goals. “It doesn`t bode well for the effectiveness of the Paris agreement,” he says. The Paris Agreement is an unusual mix of steep ambitions and few enforcement mechanisms. Every country in the world has committed to take steps to keep global temperature rise “well below” 2 degrees Celsius until 2100. This would require weaning fossil fuels for energy and transportation, controlling forest loss, overhauling food production and finding ways to suck greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. But to achieve this goal, countries have been allowed to present their own goals and plans on how to achieve them. It is too short with few concrete sanctions. In 2015, lights from the Arc de Triomphe announced the signing of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change Mitigation. But the pact has had mixed results. Democratic candidate Joe Biden said that if elected president, he would reinstate the Paris accord early in his presidency.
The United States could become a party to the Paris Agreement 30 days after the official information of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The country is then expected to present a new commitment to reduce emissions by 2030. The EU has made compliance with Paris a precondition for any free trade agreement reached since 2015 – and Brazil`s retreat on deforestation is a potential obstacle to ratification of its agreement with the Mercosur bloc. “This is certainly a blow to the Paris agreement,” said Carlos Fuller of Belize, the negotiator for the Alliance of Small Island States in the UN talks. “We know that the UK and the EU, as well as the UN Secretary-General, are planning an event on 12 December, the fifth anniversary of the conclusion of negotiations on the Paris Agreement, where they will try to achieve more ambition,” said Andrew Light.